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WHAT DOES FIRST, SECOND, AND THIRD WAVE COFFEE MEAN?

The terms first, second, and third wave coffee are used to describe different eras in the evolution of coffee culture and production, with each wave bringing its own unique approach to coffee consumption and production.

Read on below to learn more about the differences between each of these waves.

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WHAT IS THIRD WAVE COFFEE?

Third wave coffee emerged in the 2000s, and is characterized by a focus on the quality of the coffee bean itself. Third wave coffee shops often source high-quality, single-origin coffee beans or proprietary blends and roast them to highlight their unique flavor profiles. Third wave coffee also emphasizes manual brewing methods like pour-overs, and the use of lighter roasts that highlight the natural sweetness and acidity of the coffee.

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WHAT IS SECOND WAVE COFFEE?

Second wave coffee emerged in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s, and was marked by a focus on specialty coffee and the introduction of espresso-based drinks. Second wave coffee was characterized by the growth of chain coffee shops, and the popularization of drinks like the latte and cappuccino. Coffee was now being seen as a premium product, and the focus was on the experience of drinking coffee.

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WHAT IS FIRST WAVE COFFEE?

First wave coffee refers to the period in the United States when coffee consumption became popular in the early 1900s. During this time, coffee was seen as a commodity, and was often low quality and mass-produced. First wave coffee was characterized by the widespread availability of instant coffee and pre-ground coffee.

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